A test of this mode is shown in figure If the Moray generators fail anomalously, then a continuous mode limited in power and range could conceivably be sustained by powering the interferometer from more conventional power-sources such as advanced magnetohydrodynamic generators. Figure In addition, of course, smaller Tesla howitzer systems for anti-tactical ballistic missile defense of tactical troops and installations could be constituted of more conventional field missile systems using paired or triplet radars, of conventional external appearance, in a scalar interferometer mode.
With Moray generators as power sources and multiply deployed reentry vehicles with scalar antennas and transmitters, ICBM reentry systems now can become long range "blasters" of the target areas, from thousands of kilometers distance figure Literally, "Star Wars" is liberated by the Tesla technology. And in air attack, jammers and ECM aircraft now become "Tesla blasters. By utilizing the "time squeeze" effect, one can get antigravity, materialization and dematerialization, transmutation, and mindboggling medical benefits.
One can also get subluminal and superluminal communication, see through the earth and through the ocean, etc. The new view of phi-field also provides a unified field theory, higher orders of reality, and a new super-relativity, but detailing these possibilities must wait for another book. With two cerebral brain halves, the human being also has a Tesla scalar interferometer between his ears. And since the brain and nervous system processes avalanche discharges, it can produce and detect scalar Tesla waves to at least a limited degree. Thus a human can sometimes produce anomalous spatiotemporal effects at a distance and through time.
This provides an exact mechanism for psychokinesis, levitation, psychic healing, telepathy, precognition, postcognition, remote viewing, etc. It also provides a reason why an individual can detect a "stick" on a radionics or Hieronymus machine which processes scalar waves , when ordinary detectors detect nothing. Unfortunately there is not room to develop the implications of this human Tesla interferometry in detail, for that must wait for yet another book, presently in its initial stages, that Hal Crawford and I are writing. Table 5. Psychotronics Association's Annual Conference in Dayton, Ohio, I presented the first rough paper on the Tesla secret and scalar interferometry.
A videotape of the presentation was made and will shortly be available. I am also scheduled to make a special presentation at the Alternate Energy Conference in Toronto, Canada in latter October, A professional, videotaped two-hour presentation on this subject is also being prepared.
Wide distribution of the material through the international underground physics and technology network has already been made. This time, God willing, Tesla's secret will not be suppressed for another 80 years! And perhaps it is not yet too late. No orthodox university, scientific group, foundation, or governmental agency would support such an effort, either financially or otherwise. Indeed, most ordinary journals will not even accept material on such matters. Nonetheless, the area is of overwhelming importance and I truly believe Tesla's lost secret will shortly affect the lives of every human being on earth.
Perhaps there is hope after all -- for even Brezhnev, in his strange July, proposal to the SALT talks, seemed to reveal a perception that a turning point in war and weaponry may have been reached, and that human imagination is incapable of dealing with the ability to totally engineer reality itself.
Having tested the weapons, the Soviets must be aware that the ill-provoked oscillation of timeflow affects the minds and thoughts -- and the very lifestreams and even the collective species unconsciousnesses -- of all lifeforms on earth. They must know that these weapons are two-edged swords, and that the backlash from their use can be far more terrible to the user than was the original effect to his victim. If we can avoid the Apocalypse, the fantastic secret of Nikola Tesla can be employed to cure and elevate man, not kill him.
Tesla's discovery can eventually remove every conceivable external human limitation. If we humans ourselves can elevate our consciousness to properly utilize the Tesla electromagnetics, then Nikola Tesla -- who gave us the electrical twentieth century in the first place -- may yet give us a fantastic new future more shining and glorious than all the great scientists and sages have imagined. This file is for information and entertainment.
Experiments in Colorado Springs Laboratory
If you choose to experiment with this design or with high voltage, you do so entirely at your own risk! This is a very simple device that could be found by scavenging parts and buying a few others and is quite cheap and effective. How this works as I see it in my simplistic version and John Bedini's more technical version; 1.
The long wire acts as an antennae and a capacitor and as it builds up charge, it discharges a spark that jumps the gap, is then stepped down by the coil, and then pulsed to the battery through the use of the capacitor. This is my simple view of the device. John Bedinis' more technical version, as per his October 8th post to the KeelyNet Interact discussion list; The long wire captures radiant energy, as the charge builds up and jumps the gap, spark longitudinal waves it is then stepped down in the coil, for those who do not know it the coil in your car was invented by Tesla and is a small Tesla coil, it is then charging the battery where it is transformed via a square or PWM wave at low frequency and is the reactive power that charges your battery.
It works and as far as I am concerned is all that matters. On Using Coax Cable: The end of the coax is taped off and the end that is attached to the spark plug the wires are twisted together. According to John Bedini, as he explained to me when you cut one end off and twist the other two ends together, what you have is a high dielectric absorber antennae, the positively charged particles from the atmosphere get trapped in between the skin and the inner wire making a condenser of sorts. As he explained it there are two things going on: The rate of charge in the wire that is oscillating in nature at one frequency and the discharge freqency in sharp DC transient pulse to the battery that is at its own rate.
If you look at the pulse rate it would almost look like a triangle wave flattened off and would follow the gravitational wave frequency of about 8KHZ. Using either regular insultaed wire or coax, waterproof the end, the wire or coax may be laid out in any fashion as long as it is insulated from any potential ground and to itself.
Attach the wire coax twist the ends together first and attach it to the end of the spark plug. Attach a wire from the taller center of your car coil to a Kv capacitor a few picofarad will do and then a wire from the other leg of the capacitor to a good earth ground and to the negative - terminal of the battery. Have fun and enjoy!!!!!! This document contains unverified claims and is being posted at the request of Paul Clint. ANSWER: A solid electrically insulating, or dielectric, material that has acquired a long-lasting electrostatic polarization.
Electrets are produced by heating certain dielectric materials to a high temperature and then letting them cool while immersed in a strong electric field. An electret is an analog of a permanent magnet. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition states; "If you take one electret and one magnet you will get a surprise. When not in motion, these two differing objects will have no effect on one another. It is only when you move them that anything happens When a pole of the magnet is in relative motion to a "pole" of the electret they push each other at 90 degrees to the direction of motion.
The effect is entirely odd and immediately unfamiliar unless you are a physics student. ANSWER: The general concensus of the experts is no, but there are some new techniques that raise doubts about their certainty. One new technique is to mix ferrite granules into the dielectric when it is formed. A magnetic field applied at a right angle to the resulting electret's field has a dramatic effect in maximizing and recharging the electret effect.
There is very little doubt, however, that the electret is much more effective in generating power indirectly by using it's field to move and trap existing electro-static charges. A prime example of this are reports from amateur radio operaters of the static charges collected by coaxial cables. A great many of the numerous claimed free-energy machines are obviously employing the electret effect to collect electro-static charge.. Thus, teflon is near the top of the list, with glass, plastics and ceramics. Another important factor in plastic materials is the strength of the polymer bonds. This factor also relates to the fact that the thinner the material is, the more intense the electret's field because the stress on the polymer's bond is transmitted through less intermediate material.
But this is limited by the dielectric constant as well because if the electret's field generates a voltage high enough to break down the dielectric resistence, the device arcs across its own field and self destructs. See "Electrostatics - And its Applications" by A. Moore is a very well researched book on electrets p - and electrostatic machines; "Handbook of Electrostatic Processes" by Jen-Shih Chang pp on electrets.
Strong in "Scientific American" Vol Nov p - is a practical description of how to make an electret using carnauba wax. The energy collected from the cable generator is not derived from the kinetic energy of the wind. As you may or may not be aware, the earth's atmosphere is a gigantic capacitor. At its upper level, air molecules are constantly being ionized and then as the air circulates, the charge is eventually carried to the ground which has a negative charge with respect to the upper atmosphere.
Another source of atmospheric charge is condensing water vaper. As water evaporates, it gathers electrons the molecules in the liquid state are sharing, and leaves behind a positive charge. When it condenses in the atmosphere, it gives back the electrons creating a negative charge. This is why the cable generator's output increases in stormy weather. Ham radio operators will certainly confirm that a coaxial cable strung out as an antenna will pick up static charge, especially in wet, stormy weather.
So the power is derived from the atmospheric charge rather than kinetic energy. This is clearly demonstrated from the fact that the power generated is directly porportional to the square of the speed of the wind rather than the cube of the speed. Even if the power isn't from the winds kinetic energy, how can a little wire collect so much? Remember that the electret effect creates an electric field which attracts charged air molecules like a magnet attracts iron. The cross section of this field can be as great as 2 feet, so a foot cable could intersect as much wind as a 16 foot diameter air foil.
There are occasions static charge is generated though two objects are not in contacted. If a charged object moves against other object, static charge of the other object will be increased or decreased. This is called as a field induced charging. The moving charged thundercloud charges neighboring clouds because of field induced charging. The form out the output varies over several orders of magnitude for voltage, current and frequency and is thus well beyond the capability of all simple measuring devices.
As a consequence of this fact, I have devised a couple of indirect methods. In the first of these, I connected the a spark plug between the generator and ground so that whenever the generator voltage builds up to the arc- over value, a pulse of current is generated that can be counted. Upon further investigation, this method can be termed no more than a rough estimate because the shape and duration of the pulse still varies over a substantial range. Analysis of the pulses will eventually allow us to use an average and thus devise a formula that will give a close approximation of the power output.
The second method is simple and if done properly, very accurate. We simply place a resistive heating element between the generator and ground and then into a bucket of water. The output is measured by the change in temperature of the water.
Neither of these methods takes into account the losses of the charging circuit, battery, or inverter. I am clearly using it in a way that is different. The fact of the matter is that, in general, the electret effect is unwanted, and engineers are normally working to prevent or eliminate it. The fact that they have to work very hard to do so is an indication that it is pretty stable. Thus, the best answer I can give is that it doesn't wear out in the short term years.
I have learned that when the electret effect was first observed, it was produced in a relatively soft wax and if left undischarged for a long period of time, dissipated. In order to preserve an electret device in these soft mediums, they wrapped them in foil which would have continually discharged them. This would at first seem to to contrary to what one would expect, as the continual discharge would be, in effect, dissipating the energy the electret produced. But if you look at it from the perspective of the effect that the electric field has on the material of the device itself, it is easily understood.
The electric field would produce a counter force against the molecular distortion that was producing it which would tend to undo the distortion. This means that an electret placed in a circuit which used its field at a low level would be very, very stable. ANSWER: Again, this can only be done over a long time period because it is dependant on wind, location, humidity and possibly other lesser undetermined factors.
I can take a simple circuit that charges 2 capacitors in parallel from a dead battery and then connect the capacitors in series and discharges them back into the battery. Although no new energy is put into the battery some of the batteries potential chemical energy in the battery is converted and the battery will appear to be fully charged. The charging pulses from our controller or the spark gap-coil is closer to the double capacitor circuit than it is to a normal battery charger DC. There are, however, a number of people who have received patents on high voltage electrostatic motors.
Here is another method developed by Van DeGraff himself. These patents were not just for a Van de Graaff high voltage generator, they were for a special system devised by Van de Graaff long after his generator had been in use to convert static electricity into current electricity. It simply involves breaking the current into pulses with a spark gap, and then tranforming the voltage down and current up with a coil and increasing the pulse duration with a capacitor in parallel with the coil.
The second method uses a micro processor to monitor current and voltage. The impedance is then adjusted to make the charging current as smooth as possible. This circuit can also easily protect a battery from overcharging. ANSWER: Ham radio operaters have reported that static discharges are more common and more intense in times of high humidity or atmospheric changes resulting in rain or snow.
Best tesla images in | Nicolas tesla, Quantum physics, Engineer
The technical literature reports that most atmospheric charge is carried by aerosol particles of dust or water that collect 's, 's and sometimes even 10's of thousands of units of charge. As they collect more and more charge, these particles migrate toward the earth's surface and constitute a major component of the fair weather current. Lightning is a discharge of built up electrical charges that is initiated by an electrostatic potential sufficient to rupture the dielectric air between the charge differential.
This is facilitated by sharp pointed objects that concentrate the electric field lightning rods and the like. If the potential difference can be minimized by discharging the area below one of the plates cold layer and keeping the potential below the rupture point a lightning strike is significantly less likely to occur. The generator system, if spread over a large area, would appear as a more positively charged area as it is "bleeding" electrons off to the ground through its load system.
ANSWER: The output of the cable generator is reduced by any alteration of the cable generator from a suspension 5 to 15 feet from the ground in a straight line. The figure is subject to stupendous variations of many orders of magnitude as shown by this quote from "Atmospheric Electricity in the Planetary Boundary Layer" by William A. Hoppel, R. Anderson and ohn C. In the case of atmospheric electricity in the Planetary Boundary Layer, however, separating the various causes and their effects can be extremely difficult. In fact, this field may be unique with respect to its sensitivity to many disparate phenomena spanning a tremendous range of scales in both space and time.
For example, locally produced turbulent fluctuations in space-charge density have an effect roughly comparable in magnitude to that of changes in the global thunderstorn activity on electric-field variations within the Planetary Boundary Layer. Are there other sources of energy contributing to the currant? ANSWER: Both the electric field of the earth typically volts and that of the cable generator produce an effect called the induction charging mechanism.
A physical process for particle charging involving the collision of pairs of particles in an ambient electric field. Electric charge induced on the particle surfaces by the ambient electric field is made available for transfer when the two particles come into contact. Subsequent differential particle motions under gravity is postulated to result in large scale charge separation.
The specific role of induction charging in the electrification of thunderclouds has not been resolved. Another effect which is unquestionably effecting the cable generator is the double layer effect described below. On the surface of a substance, a layer of electric dipoles whose axes have an average orientation normal to the surface. Double layers may appear on interfaces of solid and gas, liquid and gas, liquid and liquid, etc. They arise whenever media with different electron affinities forces of attraction, or work function are contiguous, and if dipoles are available.
A net potential difference, the electrokinetic potential exists across a double layer. Still another source of atmospheric charge collected by the cable generator are Aerosol Charges. These are particles of dust or water which form dipoles and disproportionately collect one charge or the other. Where ions carry only single or double units of charge, Aerosols carry 's to 10's of thousands of units of charge.
The fact humidity is such an important factor in the output of the cable generator indicates that aerosols are an important source of the energy it collects. Ken Adachi] Of all the great inventions and discoveries of Nikola Tesla, nothing stood out with greater potential benefit to the whole of humanity than his discovery of Radiant Energy in At the time, no one seemed to be very interested in discovering why these dramatic elevations in static electrical potential were taking place, but rather, engineering design efforts were focused on eliminating and quenching this strange anomaly which was considered by everyone to be a nuisance-except Tesla.
The Magnifying Transmitter The closest Tesla came to a world wide industrial application of his Radiant Energy dream was the construction of his huge Magnifying Transmitter at Shoreham, Long Island, a site which he named Wardenclyffe. Tesla was paid millions up front for his patents, but was also due to receive royalty earnings for every kilowatt of power produced.
In fact, the Father of the 20th Century Nikola Tesla experimented quite intensively with radiant energy and even devised a device to capture cosmic rays. Later, Tesla's work was I have harnessed the cosmic rays and caused them to operate a motive device. Cosmic ray investigation is a subject that Henry Moray. I was the first to discover these rays and I naturally feel T. Henry Moray not only developed a super radiant toward them as I would toward my own flesh and blood. I have advanced a theory energy receiver, but a strong case could be made that he of the cosmic rays and at every step of my investigations I have found it completely was the original inventor of the transistor.
The Moray justified. Valve - patented in - is a semiconductive device The attractive features of the cosmic rays that regulated voltage and current flows. The Moray is their constancy. They shower down on Valve was a germanium based device whereas the us throughout the whole 24 hours, and if a plant is developed to use their power it will transistor was silicon based silicon is similar but less not require devices for storing energy as efficient than germanium for switching electrical would be necessary with devices using wind, tide or sunlight.
All of my investigations seem to point to Moray's first cousin, Fletcher, knew all about the valve the conclusion that they are small particles, each carrying so small a charge since when Moray developed it. Coincidently that we are justified in calling them Fletcher worked for Bell Labs. It should be no surprise neutrons. They move with great velocity, exceeding that of light. I will tell receivers was attempts to artificially induce radiant you in the most general way, the cosmic ray ionizes the air, setting free many energy.
Much of this work was done by Lord charges ions and electrons. These Rutherford. In the first artificially accelerated charges are captured in a condenser which is made to discharge through the decay transformation took place at the Cavendish circuit of the motor. I have hopes of building my motor on a large scale, but Laboratory using the unstable metal I also submitted a paper on August 16th, stating that there was a thermoelectric effect or "Peltier effect" involved. At the Tesla conference in April of this year I announced a totally unsuspected source of energy and how to harness it.
My conference presentations and published writings point to the fact that I have rediscovered T. Moray's suppressed technology. I will attempt to make clear in the coming days that an unconventional process to cause a clean nuclear reaction can be created and harnessed. I will soon show that a truly unique nuclear reaction can be converted to electrical power through alpha fusion and thermoelectric effects.
These two discoveries are revolutionary to both nuclear fusion reactor and energy conversion technologies of present day science, respectively. Figure of US Patent No. His endeavors ranged from energy production to medical devices. In Nikola Tesla was one the first to identify "radiant energy. He concluded that the Sun emits small particles, each carrying so small of a charge, that they move with great velocity, exceeding that of light.
Tesla further stated that these particles are the neutron particles. Tesla believed that these neutron particles were responsible for all radioactive reactions. Radiant matter is in tune with these neutron particles. Radiant matter is simply a re-transmitter of energy from one state to another. Figure 1 of US Patent No. It stored static electricity obtained from the air and converted it to a usable form. Tesla's invention is a simple version of T. Moray's device. Moray's device used a unique rectifier RE-valve to efficiently capture the static electricity from the surrounding air.
Moray's oscillator tubes utilized this high-voltage energy to generate an internal secondary "cold" nuclear reaction. Stick an antenna up in the air-the higher the better-and wire it to one side of a capacitor. Connect the other side of the capacitor to a good earth ground. The potential difference between air and earth will then charge the capacitor.
By connecting across the capacitor some sort of switching device so that the capacitor can be discharged at periodic intervals, you will have an oscillating electric output. Moray expanded on Tesla's idea to use high-voltage to create ionic oscillation. Tesla was fascinated by radiant energy and its free-energy possibilities. He called the Crooke's radiometer, a device which has vanes that spin in a vacuum when exposed to radiant energy "a beautiful invention. Tesla in a statement today at his hotel unlimited quantities Asked whether the sudden introduction of his principle patent refers to "the sun, as well as other sources of would upset the present economic system, radiant energy, like cosmic rays," The fact that the device Dr.
Tesla also refers to the ground development of new resources. Tesla said he might be able to work out a plan for its use by individuals. The central From the electric potential that exists between the source of cosmic energy for the earth is elevated plate plus and the ground minus , energy the Sun, Dr. The Ledger, November 2, capacitor, says Tesla, should be "of considerable electrostatic capacity," and its dielectric made of "the best quality mica, for it has to withstand potentials that could rupture a weaker dielectric.
One is a rotary switch that resembles a Tesla circuit controller, another is an electrostatic device consisting of two very light, membranous conductors suspended in a vacuum. These sense the energy build-up in the capacitor-one charging positive, the other negative-and, at a certain charge level, are attracted, touch, and thus fire the capacitor.
Tesla also mentions another switching device consisting of a minute air gap or weak dielectric film that breaks down suddenly when a certain potential is reached. In these patents he explains: The sun, as well as other sources of radiant energy throw off minute particles of matter positively electrified, which, imping- ing upon the upper plate, communicate continuously an electrical charge to the same. The opposite terminal of the condenser being connected to ground, which may be considered as a vast reservoir of negative electricity, a feeble current flows continuously into the condenser and inasmuch as the particles are The Earth's Electrostatic Charge Tesla's intent was to condense the energy trapped between the earth and its upper atmosphere and to transform it into an electric current.
He pictured the sun as an immense ball of electricity, positively charged with a potential of some billion volts. The earth, on the other hand, is charged with negative electricity. The tremendous electrical force between these two bodies constituted, at least in part, what he called cosmic energy. It varied from night to day and from season to season but it is always present. The positive particles are stopped at the ionosphere and between it and the negative charges in the ground, a distance of 60 miles, there is a large difference of voltage - something on the order of , volts.
With the gases of the atmosphere acting as an insulator between these two opposite stores of electrical charges, the region between the ground and the edge of space traps a great deal of energy. Despite the large size of the planet, it is electrically like a capacitor which keeps positive and negative charges apart by using the air as a non-conducting material as an insulator. It has been calculated that the earth's ambient state contains 1. In order to utilize this high-voltage energy you must do two things - make an energy sink and then devise a way of making the "sink" oscillate.
Zero Point Energy? United States Patent Such a "sink" has to be at a lower Number , energy state than the surrounding COIL FOR medium and, for the energy to continually flow into it, the energy must be continually pumped out of it. Additionally, this "sink" must maintain a lower energy state while meeting the power requirements of the load attached to it. Electrical energy-watt-seconds-is a product of volts x amps x seconds. Because the period of oscillation does not change, either voltage or current has to be the variable in this system's energy equation.
Nikola Tesla, Inventor A coil in our system, then, will be set Figure 1 is a standard pancake coil many into oscillation at its resonant frequency Tesla coil builders are familiar with this by an external power source. During the style. Figure 2 is a bifilar coil, the crux of "zero-point" portion of its cycle the coil the patent is where Tesla winds a dual wire will appear as one plate of a capacitor.
The energy that is taken into Tesla explains that a standard coil of the coil through the small energy turns with a potential of volts across it window zero-point , call it what you will have a difference of. A similar bifilar coil will have a of this system. In that It is at this zero-point where energy is the stored energy is a function of the square condensed into positive and negative of the voltages, the energy in the bifilar will components of current. A properly tuned system can capture and convert radiant energy in such a prescribed arrangement.
Direct Conversion of the Atom's Energy The radiant energy system is a self-oscillating capacitive system. Once it is set into oscillation, very little power is expended in keeping it going. Because it is an electrostatic oscillating system, only a small amount of charge moves through the system per cycle low current. If the charge is used at a low rate, the energy stored in the system will be turned into heat at a slow rate enabling the oscillations to continue for a long period of time. Tesla's US Patent No. In this patent Tesla explains that the double coil will store many times the energy of a conventional coil.
Measurements of two coils of the same size and with the same number of turns, one with a single, the other with a bifilar winding, show differences in voltage gain. These bifilar coils can be explained solely on the basis of their electrical activity. A bifilar coil is capable of holding more charge than a single wound coil. When operated at resonance, the distributed capacitance of the bifilar coil is able to overcome the counter electromotive force emf normal to coils - inductive reactance. Because of the electrical activity, a bifilar coil does not work against itself in the form of a counter - emf, the potential across the coil quickly builds to a high value.
The difference between the turns becomes great enough that the energy is practically all potential, at this point, the system becomes an electrostatic oscillator. Minimal work is done in my radiant energy system due to the absence of wasted displacement currents. As small heat losses occur, oscillations are maintained by surplus charge generated by atomic catalytic reactions, energy is siphoned from the kinetic moments of these charges.
Very low energy expenditure allows power delivery to an electrical load over an extended time period without an external fuel supply. After an initial input of energy from an outside source, the radiant energy electrical generator will operate as a very efficient device. Cockcroft and E. Walton, had successfully demonstrated the release of excess radioactive energy from lithium elements and other light elements by protons entirely artificially generated by high electric potentials.
The most surprising feature at the time was the relatively low voltage necessary. The generator installed had a peak voltage of about , volts, but artificial decay started at only one-sixth of this, , volts. Indeed, later Rutherford, using deuterons atoms of the hydrogen isotope of mass 2 instead of protons, pushed back the starting point to some 20, to 40, volts, which is well within the range of quite a small x-ray induction coil. The protons were generated in a long vertical hydrogen vacuum-tube, specially designed to withstand the high voltage, and with a window of the thinnest possible mica leaf at the end, through which they emerged to impinge on the target element being bombarded.
The protons were estimated to have a velocity of one-thirtieth of that of light, and their range in air was only 1 cm. The bombarded substance was examined by the scintillations produced in zinc sulfide, through a screen thick enough to absorb the protons. At , volts, bright scintillations, in every respect identical with those produced by the fastest normal alpha-rays of radioactive thorium, began to appear, and, as the voltage was increased, their number rapidly increased, but not their range or the brightness of the scintillations.
At , volts, several hundred a minute were counted. Radioactive Lithium Decay is Clean! The proton, however, has only one-sixtieth of the kinetic energy of the alpha-particles produced. This showed that they merely pulled the trigger, and released energy could be produced from radioactive lithium. The scintillations were proved to be due to veritable alpha-particles of some 8. Though the term "fission" has since come into special use to denote the new type of disintegration which radioactive uranium and radioactive thorium undergo in certain circumstances, this artificial disintegration of isotopic lithium is pure and simple.
It is said that lithium of mass number 7 reacts with a proton of mass number one, momentarily to produce the unstable beryllium isotope of mass number 8, which splits into equal parts, giving two alpha-particles or helium elements. In this "fission" to "fusion" reaction, from 7 grams of lithium and one of hydrogen to 8 grams of helium, approximately, there is a loss of 0. This is in good accord with each of the two elements that results from the fission reaction, each split particles receiving some 8.
It is also said, some of the unstable beryllium elements produced from lithium, emit, during the fission cycle, a gamma-photon of no less than 17 Mev, which at the time was an unprecedented energy for these rays, the subsequent fission into two helium elements then occurring with relatively little energy. By using deuterons instead of protons, the lithium isotope of mass 6, acts much like that of mass 7 with protons, but the energy released is even greater, namely, 22 Mev.
Energy Evolved from Isotopic Lithium It is noteworthy that about 43 Mev is released per fission to fusion reaction. This may seem small compared to the Mev released in the fission of a heavy isotope like uranium However, the released energy per mass of fuel is actually greater for the lithium reaction. Weight for weight, 43 Mev energy is some ten times the given out in the complete disintegration of radioactive uranium and thorium into lead and helium, in their natural radioactive change, and is twice as great as in their artificial decay in a nuclear reactor; but radioactive thorium less than 1 per cent of its mass undergoes accelerated decay "fission".
The bottom line here is that the disintegration of isotopic lithium by either protons or deuterons, affords, weight for weight, more energy than any other possible nuclear change. Additionally, the disintegration of radioactive uranium or radioactive thorium produces deadly radioisotopic toxic by-products that nobody seems to know where to properly dispose of them.
The disintegration of isotopic lithium yields pure helium as its by-product, this gas finds further use in other areas. Lithium is the lightest metal, in fact, the lightest of all solids. It is actually lighter than cork and will float on water or oil. Whereas a cubic foot of aluminum weighs pounds, a cubic foot of lithium weighs 33 pounds. Lithium is a very unstable metal and will easily combine with gases, especially tritium.
Weight for weight radioactive lithium will yield two times more energy than radioactive uranium. Peltier Effect Enhancement When an electrical source is used to send current through two dissimilar metals, called a thermocouple, heat can be absorbed at the colder junction and given off at the hotter junction. This is called the "Peltier effect. The heat energy given off at the hot junction is equal to the total heat absorbed by the cold junction along with all of the electric energy supplied to it.
Thus, more heat energy is given off than the total electric energy supplied to the device.
- "Nikola Tesla : The Genius Who Lit the World".
- Fatal Wild Child (Romantic Thrillers Series Book 1).
- Oh no, there's been an error.
In principle, many thermocouples in series, with cold junctions outside and hot junctions inside, could be used to pump heat from the lower temperatures outside to higher temperatures inside a building, theoretically the heat energy supplied could be greater than the electric energy supplied. Unfortunately the effect is so small in most materials that too many couples are required for practical applications. Furthermore, the conduction of heat from hot to cold junctions severely limits the applicability of the Peltier effect, especially with metallic junctions.
The discovery of thermoelectric semi-conductive materials has resulted in materials with sufficiently large Peltier effects for a number of practical applications. Recent research in what is now being called "cold fusion" hints to a way to produce greater levels of Peltier effects. In the cold fusion cell the electrolyte serves as a junction between two dissimilar electrical conductors. Thus, the electrolyte becomes hotter than the electrical energy supplied.
This heat is pumped from its ambient environment. This heat causes the catalytic cathode material to produce excess hydrogen. The electrolyte limits the conduction of heat from hot to cold junctions, resulting in an enhanced Peltier effect. The advantage here is the reduced thermal conductivity, for greater thermoelectric efficiency is obtained with a higher ratio of electrical to thermal conductivity.
Use catalytic metals like platinum, nickel or palladium for the electrode thermoelectric materials and you get an interesting catalytic effect. Now add a suitable electrolyte and what you have built is a breakthrough device that utilizes thermodynamic principles with catalytic properties. Radiant Energy Devices Clearly, when Tesla refers to his radiant energy device, he is not talking about an atomic reactor. He is directly converting ionized particles generated by radiant matter.
It is not nuclear energy as we know it today. Radiant Energy is directly converted to electrical power! Tesla believed that the Sun generates highly charged particles and that radiant matter is a re-transmitter of energy. It is this transfer of energy that could be used for practical purposes. Radiant Energy as herein used is that energy existing in the luminiferous of the Universe, kinetic and exercised in wave transmission and rendered sensible by conversion of its energy into a detectable frequency, the phenomenon of the transducer combined with fusion.
Radiant energy devices are means of using the energy released by the fusion reactions taking place in the stellar crucibles of the universe. I have designed an apparatus and method that will optimize reactions that are similar to what is explained in the above treatise. The use of radiant energy to generate electrical power is no longer out of reach! Inventors Beware! It is my intent of this treatise and through my other writings to explain the many facets of "radiant energy" and how it is possible to draw power from it. I have notarized papers and articles predating similar claims made by others.
The Moray lead formula is just one example. I advise all inventors who want proper public credit to do the same. By reviewing history it is understandable why some inventions are not commercialized. It is economics, not science, that is the main factor. It will be remembered that alternating current was opposed by powerful financiers in Tesla's time. Michael Pupin, noted in his autobiography A most un-American attitude Once again, we face Tesla's battle with the organized opposition!
Perreault Brooklyn Eagle July 10, Nikola Tesla states: I have harnessed the cosmic rays and caused them to operate a motive device. Cosmic ray investigation is a subject that is very close to me. I was the first to discover these rays and I naturally feel toward them as I would toward my own flesh and blood. I have advanced a theory of the cosmic rays and at every step of my investigations I have found it completely justified. The attractive features of the cosmic rays is their constancy.
They shower down on us throughout the whole 24 hours, and if a plant is developed to use their power it will not require devices for storing energy as would be necessary with devices using wind, tide or sunlight. All of my investigations seem to point to the conclusion that they are small particles, each carrying so small a charge that we are justified in calling them neutrons. More than 25 years ago I began my efforts to harness the cosmic rays and I can now state that I have succeeded in operating a motive device by means of them.
I will tell you in the most general way, the cosmic ray ionizes the air, setting free many charges ions and electrons. These charges are captured in a condenser which is made to discharge through the circuit of the motor. I have hopes of building my motor on a large scale, but circumstances have not been favorable to carrying out my plan. New York American November 1st, Device to Harness Cosmic Energy Claimed by Tesla: "This new power for the driving of the world's machinery will be derived from the energy which operates the universe, the cosmic energy, whose central source for the earth is the sun and which is everywhere present in unlimited quantities.
Moray's oscillator tubes magnetron transducers utilized this high-voltage energy to generate an internal secondary "cold" fusion reaction. Stick an antenna up in the air, the higher the better, and wire it to one side of a capacitor, the other going to a good earth ground, and the potential difference will then charge the capacitor. Moray simply expanded on Tesla's idea to use high-voltage to create ionic oscillation. Tesla's free-energy concept was patented in as an "Apparatus for the Utilization of Radiant Energy.
Tesla also refers to the ground as "a vast reservoir of negative electricity. Tesla further states that these particles are the neutron particles. How his radiant energy receiver worked From the electric Potential that exists between the elevated plate plus and the ground minus , energy builds up in the capacitor, and, after "a suitable time interval," the accumulated energy will "manifest itself in a powerful discharge" that can do work.
The capacitor, says Tesla, should be "of considerable electrostatic capacity," and its dielectric made of "the best quality mica, for it has to withstand potentials that could rupture a weaker dielectric. These sense the energy build-up in the capacitor, one charging positive, the other negative, and, at a certain charge level, are attracted, touch, and thus fire the capacitor.
Tesla received two patents for this radiant energy device; U.
Patent No. Both these patents were filed on March 21, and granted on November 5, In these patents he explains: "The sun, as well as other sources of radiant energy throw off minute particles of matter positively electrified, which, impinging upon the upper plate, communicate continuously an electrical charge to the same. The earth has a charge of 96, coulombs.
With a potential of , volts, the earth constitutes a capacitor of. In order to utilize this high-voltage energy you must do two things -- make an energy sink and then devise a way of making the "sink" oscillate. Electrical energy, watt-seconds, is a product of volts x amps x seconds. Bifilar wound coils are used in the system because a bifilar wound coil maximizes the voltage difference between its turns, the current is then minimized. A coil in our system, then, will be set into oscillation at its resonant frequency by an external power source.
During the "zero-point" portion of its cycle the coil will appear as one plate of a capacitor. As the voltage across the coil increases, the amount of charge it can siphon will increase. The energy that is taken into the coil through the small energy window zero-point , call it what you will, appears to be the key to the success of this system. It is at this zero-point where energy is condensed into positive and negative components of current.
When energy escapes from the "sink" the magnetic field collapses and a strong magnetic quake is created in it's wake. Energy Directly from the Atom The radiant energy system is a self-oscillating capacitive system. These bifilar Tesla's coils can be explained solely on the basis of their electrical activity. When operated at resonance, the distributed capacitance of the bifilar coil is able to overcome the counter - electromotive force e. Because of the electrical activity, a bifilar coil does not work against itself in the form of a counter - e.
Calls Sun main source. A principle by which power for driving machinery of the world may be developed from the cosmic energy which operates the universe, has been discovered by Nikola Tesla, noted physicist and inventor of scientific devices, he announced today. This principle, which taps a source of power described as "everywhere present in unlimited quantities" and which may be transmitted by wire or wireless from central plants to any part of the globe, will eliminate the need of coal, oil, gas or any other of the common fuels, he said.
Tesla in a statement today at his hotel indicated the time was not far distant when the principle would be ready for practical commercial development. Asked whether the sudden introduction of his principle would upset the present economic system, Dr. Tesla replied, "It is badly upset already. While in its present form, the theory calls for the development of energy in central plants requiring vast machinery.
The central source of cosmic energy for the earth is the Sun, Dr. Tesla said, but "night will not interrupt the flow of new power supply. Tesla believed that the Sun generates highly charged particles and that radiant matter is a re-transmitter of energy, it is this transfer of energy that could be used for practical purposes. References  Nikola Tesla, U. A similar bifilar coil will have a potential of 50 volts between turns. Tesla's Fuelless Generator In the 's, Nikola Tesla invented the alternating current system we use today.
By the 's, he was working on a new type of electrical generator that would not "consume any fuel. Two of Tesla's devices representing different stages in the development of such a generator are identified. He was told by the professor that such a motor would require perpetual motion and was therefore impossible. In the 's he patented the alternating current generator, motor, and transformer. During the 's he intensively investigated other methods of power generation including a charged particle collector patented in When the New York Times in June of carried a story about an inventor who claimed an electrical generator not requiring a prime mover in the form of an external fuel supply, Tesla wrote a friend that he had already invented such a device.
Fuelless electrical generation raises the same objection of perpetual motion as did the generator in use today when it was first proposed. Research Nikola Tesla carried out during his second creative period and the resulting devices that were the basis for his assertion of fuelless electrical generation will be examined.
Whether Tesla's fuelless generator was a "perpetual motion scheme" of the sort his teacher warned him against, or a creative application of recognized natural phenomena will be discussed. Dating back "more than 25 years ago" from would mean that the device Tesla was speaking about must have been built before More precise information is available through his correspondence in the Columbia University Library's collection. Writing on June 10th, to his friend Robert U. What became of Figueras and his fuelless generator is not known, but this announcement in the paper prompted Tesla, in his letter to Johnson, to claim he had already developed such a device and had revealed the underlying physical laws.
The concept behind the older technical language is a simple one. An insulated metal plate is put as high as possible into the air. Another metal plate is put into the ground. A wire is run from the metal plate to one side of a capacitor and a second wire goes from the ground plate to the other side of the capacitor. This is the interior of Power House No.
Above: View of the main water-fall at the Niagara river. Beginning of the 20th century. Above: Experimental Station at Colorado Springs where the first wireless transmission experiments were preformed The coil creates millions of volts of electricity with a frequency rate of , alterations per second. Above: One of the original Tesla Electric Motors from which is today the main power of for industry and household appliances. Tesla's Electric Motor is one of the ten greatest inventions of all times. Here is a photo from Colorado Springs, Colorado in , illustrating the capacity of the oscillator to create electricity of millions of volts and a frequency of , alternations per second.
Nikola Tesla holding a gas-filled phosphor-coated light bulb which was illuminated without wires by an electromagnetic field from the "Tesla Coil". Nikola Tesla was the genius who lit the world, whose discoveries in the field of alternating polyphase current electricity advanced the United States and the rest of the world into the modern industrial era.
Nikola Tesla had patents in the US and Europe. Tesla's discoveries include the Tesla Coil, fluorescent light, wireless transmission of electrical energy, radio, remote control, discovery of cosmic radio waves and use of ionosphere for scientific purposes. Tesla's impact on our civilization is tremendous, and his memory should be kept alive. In , Tesla was awarded the Edison Medal , the most coveted electrical prize in the United States.
The award has been given annually since The award is furnished by Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation. Tesla is known as the inventor of the polyphase alternating current. The Nikola Tesla Corner Sign located at the intersection of 40th Street and 6th Avenue in Manhattan, is a constant reminder to all New Yorkers of the greatness of this genius. Many of the new technologies in the world today, are based on Tesla's ideas. Tesla spent 50 years of his life to find a way for interplanetary communications, especially with Mars. He is the first scientist in the world to use the Ionosphere for scientific purposes The Ionosphere is the upper part the atmosphere under constant bombardment of solar energy, which breaks down molecules into ions causing an ionized shield of our atmosphere, very important for radio communications.
Nikola Tesla is a unifying force for the people of the Balkans, and the people of the previous Austro-Hungary Empire an area of Europe devoted to science and progress. Every child in the Balkans knows about Tesla. This day will signify a day of science, cosmos explorations, and brotherhood among nations and religions around the world. We are asking all Tesla admirers and all governments around the world to support the idea of "Nikola Tesla Day".
This was the first great victory of Tesla's Alternating Current Electricity. Tesla and George Westinghouse started the electrification of the globe. This film was produced in association with Columbia University Physics Department. This is one of the rare documentary films about Michael Pupin, the history of Columbia University and the history of American Immigration. Participants of the film are: Prof. WU - Pupin Medalist. Columbia University Prof. Rodney W. Nikola Tesla's name has been honored with the international unit of magnetic flux density called "Tesla".
MRI machines work on the principle of a homogeneous magnet field. Because of the tremendous importance of the MRI technology and widespread use of the MRI machines around the world, which are all calibrated in Tesla Units, Tesla's name connected with the MRI will be known more and more in the future and the years to come. Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI is extremely important for medical diagnosis of internal organs of the human body, especially the diagnosis of cancer, tumors, degenerative diseases of the brain and spinal cord.
The modern diagnosis of the internal organs of the human body would be today unthinkable without MRI. The revenue of MRI machines sales was 1. Revenue for MRI machine sales is expected to increase in the following years. MRI employs a strong homogeneous magnetic field and specific radio frequency to which many elements, especially hydrogen nuclei respond with radio frequency signals.
These signals are analyzed by computer reconstruction algorithms. The healthy tissue and pathological tissue have different radio frequency signals and produce different images on MRI. Therefore enable us to make diagnosis of pathological tissues of the body. MRI has the advantage over CT scan, it uses no ionizing radiation and does not cause cumulative harm. The only contraindication of those related to the high magnetic field. Magnetic-sensitive objects like pacemakers, watched and magnetic tapes are contraindicated.
Above: Decorations awarded to Dr. Click here to search information about Dr. Ljubo Vujovic. James F. Corum and Dr. Corum registered radio signals from Jupiter using Tesla's instruments. Corum's paper click on red box to hear radio signals from Jupiter. Tesla's Connection to Columbia University by Dr. Kenneth L. Corum, Ph. Click here to search information on Marc J. Petar Stojanovic Founder of the Tesla Society of Switzerland, artist, researcher and an expert of web site design.
Click here for Biography. Click here for "Srpska Marija Kiri", biography of Dr.